Hagia Sophia (Kufotokozera Kwakunja) Ulendo Wotsogolera

Mtengo wa tikiti wamba: €14

Utsogoleri Wotsogolera
Tikiti sinaphatikizidwe

Istanbul E-pass ikuphatikiza ulendo wa Hagia Sophia Outer Explanation Tour wokhala ndi Wowongolera wolankhula Chingerezi. Kuti mudziwe zambiri, chonde onani "Maola & Msonkhano". Kuti mulowe mu Museum padzakhala ndalama zowonjezera 25 Euros zitha kugulidwa mwachindunji pakhomo la nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale.

Masiku a Sabata Tour Times
Lolemba 09:00, 10:00, 11:00, 14:00
Lachiwiri 10:15, 11:30, 13:00, 14:30
Lachitatu 09:00, 10:15, 14:30, 16:00
Lachinayi 09:00, 10:15, 12:00, 13:45, 16:45
Lachisanu 09:00, 10:45, 14:30, 16:30
Loweruka 09:00, 10:15, 11:00, 13:45, 15:00
Lamlungu 09:00, 10:15, 11:00, 13:45, 15:00, 16:30

Hagia Sophia waku Istanbul

Tangoganizani nyumba yomwe yaima pamalo amodzi kwa zaka 1500, kachisi woyamba wa zipembedzo ziwiri. Likulu la Matchalitchi Achikristu a Orthodox ndi mzikiti woyamba ku Istanbul. Inamangidwa mkati mwa zaka 5 zokha. Dome lake linali dome wamkulu ndi 55.60 kutalika ndi 31.87 diameter kwa zaka 800 padziko lapansi. Zithunzi za zipembedzo mbali ndi mbali. Malo oikidwa pampando kwa Olamulira Achiroma. Anali malo osonkhanira a Sultani ndi anthu ake. Ameneyo ndi wotchuka Hagia Sophia waku Istanbul.

Kodi Hagia Sophia amatsegula nthawi yanji?

Imatsegulidwa tsiku lililonse kuyambira 09:00 - 19:00.

Kodi pali ndalama zolowera ku mzikiti wa Hagia Sophia?

Inde alipo. Malipiro olowera ndi 25 Euro pa munthu.

Kodi Hagia Sophia ili kuti?

Ili pakatikati pa mzinda wakale. Ndikosavuta kufikako ndi zoyendera za anthu onse.

Kuchokera ku mahotela akale a mumzinda; Pezani tram ya T1 kupita Blue siteshoni ya tram. Kuchokera kumeneko zimatenga mphindi 5 kuyenda kuti mukafike kumeneko.

Kuchokera ku mahotela a Taksim; Pezani funicular (mzere wa F1) kuchokera ku Taksim Square kupita Kabatas. Kuchokera pamenepo, tengani tram ya T1 kupita Blue siteshoni ya tram. Ndikuyenda kwa mphindi 2-3 kuchokera pamalo okwerera masitima apamtunda kuti mukafike kumeneko.

Kuchokera ku Sultanahmet Hotels; Ili pamtunda woyenda kuchokera ku mahotela ambiri kudera la Sultanahmet.

Zimatenga nthawi yayitali bwanji kukaona Hagia Sophia ndipo nthawi yabwino ndi iti?

Mutha kuchezera mkati mwa mphindi 15-20 nokha. Maulendo okongoletsedwa amatenga pafupifupi mphindi 30 kuchokera kunja. Pali zambiri zazing'ono mnyumba muno. Popeza ukugwira ntchito ngati mzikiti pakali pano, munthu ayenera kudziwa nthawi yopemphera. M'bandakucha ingakhale nthawi yabwino kwambiri yochezera kumeneko.

Mbiri ya Hagia Sophia

Ambiri mwa apaulendo amasakaniza otchuka Mzikiti Wabuluu ndi Hagia Sophia. Kuphatikizapo ndi Topkapi Palace, amodzi mwa malo omwe adayendera kwambiri ku Istanbul, nyumba zitatuzi zili pamndandanda wa cholowa cha UNESCO. Pokhala zotsutsana wina ndi mzake, kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa nyumbazi ndi chiwerengero cha minarets. Minaret ndi nsanja yomwe ili mbali ya mzikiti. Cholinga chachikulu cha nsanja iyi ndikuyitanitsa kupemphera m'masiku akale ma maikolofoni asanachitike. Msikiti wa buluu uli ndi 6 minarets. Hagia Sophia ali ndi 4 minarets. Kupatula chiwerengero cha minaret, kusiyana kwina ndi mbiri. Blue Mosque ndi nyumba ya Ottoman. Hagia Sophia ndi wamkulu kuposa Blue Mosque ndipo ndi zomangamanga zachiroma. Kusiyana kwake kuli pafupifupi zaka 1100.

Nyumbayi ili ndi mayina angapo. Anthu aku Turkey amatcha nyumbayi Ayasofya. Mu Chingerezi, dzina la nyumbayi ndi St. Sophia. Dzinali limabweretsa mavuto. Ambiri amaganiza kuti pali woyera mtima dzina lake Sophia ndipo dzina limachokera kwa iye. Koma dzina loyambirira la nyumbayi ndi Hagia Sophia. Dzinali limachokera ku Chigriki chakale. Tanthauzo la Hagia Sophia mu Chigriki chakale ndi Nzeru Zaumulungu. Kudzipereka kwa mpingo kunali kwa Yesu Khristu. Koma dzina lapachiyambi la mpingo linali Megalo Ecclesia. Mpingo Waukulu kapena Mega Church linali dzina la nyumba yoyambirira. Popeza uwu unali tchalitchi chapakati cha Chikhristu cha Orthodox, pali zitsanzo zokongola za zojambula mkati mwa nyumbayi. Chimodzi mwazojambulazi chikuwonetsa Justinian Woyamba, akuwonetsa njira ya tchalitchi, ndi Constantine Wamkulu akupereka modal ya mzindawo kwa Yesu ndi Mariya. Uwu unali mwambo wa nthawi ya Aroma. Ngati mfumu yalamula kuti pamangidwe nyumbayo, chithunzi chake chiyenera kukhala chokongoletsera. Kuchokera ku Ottoman Era, pali ntchito zambiri zokongola za calligraphy. Odziwika kwambiri ndi mayina oyera achisilamu omwe adakongoletsa nyumbayi kwa zaka pafupifupi 1. Wina ndi graffiti, yomwe idachokera m'zaka za zana la 150. Msilikali wa Viking dzina lake Haldvan akulemba dzina lake mu imodzi mwa nyumba zosungiramo zinthu zakale zomwe zili pansanjika yachiwiri ya Hagia Sophia. Dzinali likuwonekerabe m'chipinda chapamwamba cha nyumbayi.

M'mbiri, panali 3 Hagia Sophias. Constantine Wamkulu anapereka dongosolo la mpingo woyamba m’zaka za zana la 4 AD, atangolengeza Istanbul kukhala likulu la Ufumu wa Roma. Iye ankafuna kusonyeza ulemerero wa chipembedzo chatsopanocho. Pachifukwa chimenecho, tchalitchi choyamba chinalinso chomanga chachikulu. Popeza kuti tchalitchicho chinali tchalitchi chamatabwa, mpingo woyamba unawonongedwa ndi moto.

Pamene mpingo woyamba unawonongedwa pa moto, Theodosius Wachiwiri analamula mpingo wachiwiri. Ntchito yomangayi idayamba m'zaka za zana la 5 ndipo tchalitchichi chidagwetsedwa munthawi ya Nika Riots m'zaka za zana la 6.

Ntchito yomanga yomaliza inayamba m’chaka cha 532 ndipo inatha mu 537. M’nthawi yochepa chabe ya zaka 5, nyumbayi inayamba kugwira ntchito ngati tchalitchi. Zolemba zina zimati anthu 10,000 anagwira ntchito yomanga kuti amalize m'kanthawi kochepa. Omanga onsewa anali ochokera kumadzulo kwa dziko la Turkey. Isidorus wa Miletos ndi Anthemius wa Tralles.

Pambuyo pomangidwa, nyumbayi idagwira ntchito ngati tchalitchi mpaka nthawi ya Ottoman. Ufumu wa Ottoman unagonjetsa mzinda wa Istanbul mu 1453. Sultan Mehmed Wogonjetsa adalamula kuti Hagia Sophia asanduke mzikiti. Mogwirizana ndi dongosolo la Sultani, iwo anaphimba nkhope za zojambulajambula mkati mwa nyumbayo. Iwo anawonjezera minaret ndi Mihrab yatsopano (njira yopita ku Makka ku Saudi Arabia lero). Mpaka nthawi ya republic, nyumbayi idakhala ngati mzikiti. Mu 1935 mzikiti wodziwika bwinowu udasandulika nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale ndi dongosolo la nyumba yamalamulo. Nkhope za zojambulazo zinatsegulidwanso kachiwiri. M'mbali yabwino kwambiri ya nkhaniyi, mkati mwa mzikiti, munthu amatha kuwona zizindikiro za zipembedzo ziwiri mbali ndi mbali. Ndi malo abwino kwambiri kumvetsetsa kulolerana ndi mgwirizano.

M'chaka cha 2020, nyumbayi, komaliza, idayamba kugwira ntchito ngati mzikiti. Monga mzikiti uliwonse ku Turkey, alendo amatha kuyendera nyumbayi pakati pa mapemphero am'mawa ndi usiku. Kavalidwe ndi chimodzimodzi kwa mizikiti yonse ku Turkey. Azimayi ayenera kuphimba tsitsi lawo ndipo ayenera kuvala masiketi aatali kapena mathalauza otayirira. Amuna sangakhoze kuvala akabudula apamwamba kuposa mlingo wa bondo. Panthawi ya nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale, mapemphero sankaloledwa, koma tsopano aliyense wofuna kupemphera akhoza kulowa ndi kutero mu nthawi zopemphera.

Mawu Otsiriza

Muli ku Istanbul, kuphonya kukaona Hagia Sophia, chodabwitsa chambiri, ndichinthu chomwe mungadandaule nazo pambuyo pake. Hagia Sophia sichikumbutso chabe koma choyimira zikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana zachipembedzo. Lili ndi tanthauzo lalikulu kuti chipembedzo chilichonse chinkafuna kukhala nacho. Kuima pansi pa manda a nyumba yamphamvu yoteroyo kudzakutengerani paulendo wolemekezeka wa mbiri yakale. Pezani kuchotsera kodabwitsa poyambira ulendo wanu wapamwamba pogula Istanbul E-pass.

Hagia Sophia Tour Times

Lolemba: 09:00, 10:00, 11:00, 14:00
Lachiwiri: 10:15, 11:30, 13:00, 14:30
Lachitatu: 09:00, 10 :15, 14:30, 16:00
Lachinayi: 09: 00, 10:15, 12:00, 13:45, 16:45
Lachisanu: 09:00, 10:45, 14:30, 16:30 
Loweruka: 09:00, 10:15, 11:00, 13:45, 15:00
Lamlungu: 09:00, 10:15, 11:00, 13:45, 15:00, 16:30

Chonde Dinani apa kuti muwone nthawi yamaulendo onse owongoleredwa
Maulendo onse amachitidwa kuchokera kunja kupita ku Hagia Sophia Mosque.

Istanbul E-pass Guide Meeting Point

  • Kumanani ndi wowongolera kutsogolo kwa Busforus Sultanahmet (Old City) Stop.
  • Wotsogolera wathu adzagwira mbendera ya Istanbul E-pass pamisonkhano ndi nthawi.
  • Busforus Old City Stop ili kutsidya la Hagia Sophia, ndipo mumatha kuwona mabasi ofiira okwera pawiri.

Mfundo Zofunika

  • Ulendo wa Hagia Sophia Guided udzakhala mu Chingerezi.
  • Hagia Sophia imatsekedwa mpaka 2:30 PM Lachisanu chifukwa cha pemphero Lachisanu.
  • Kavalidwe ndi chimodzimodzi kwa mizikiti yonse ku Turkey
  • Azimayi ayenera kuphimba tsitsi lawo ndi kuvala masiketi aatali kapena mathalauza otayirira.
  • Amuna sangavale zazifupi kuposa mawondo.
  • Chithunzi cha ID chidzafunsidwa kuchokera kwa omwe ali ndi E-pass ya Ana a Istanbul.
  • Ulendo wa Hagia Sophia Mosque ukugwira ntchito kuchokera kunja kuyambira Januware 15 chifukwa cha malamulo atsopano omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito. Zolemba motsogozedwa sizidzaloledwa chifukwa chopewa phokoso mkati.
  • Alendo akunja azitha kulowa pakhomo lakumbali polipira ndalama zolowera zomwe ndi 25 Euros pamunthu.
  • Ndalama zolowera sizikuphatikizidwa mu E-pass.

 

Dziwani musanapite

Mafunso Ofunsidwa Kawirikawiri

  • Chifukwa chiyani Hagia Sophia amadziwika?

    Hagia Sophia ndiye tchalitchi chachikulu cha Roma chomwe chilibe ku Istanbul. Ili ndi zaka pafupifupi 1500, ndipo ili ndi zokongoletsa zambiri za Byzantium ndi Ottoman.

  • Kodi Hagia Sophia ali kuti?

    Hagia Sophia ili pakatikati pa mzinda wakale, Sultanahmet. Awanso ndi malo omwe ali ndi mbiri yakale kwambiri ku Istanbul.

  • Kodi Hagia Sophia ali m’chipembedzo chiti?

    Masiku ano, Hagia Sophia akutumikira monga mzikiti. Koma poyambirira, idamangidwa ngati mpingo m'zaka za zana la 6 AD.

  • Ndani adamanga Hagia Sophia Istanbul?

    Mfumu ya Roma Justinian anapereka lamulo la Hagia Sophia. Pomangamanga, malinga ndi zolemba, anthu oposa 10000 adagwira ntchito mu utsogoleri wa omanga awiri, Isidorus wa Miletus ndi Anthemius wa Tralles.

  • Kodi kavalidwe kotani koyendera Hagia Sophia?

    Popeza kuti nyumbayi ndi ya mzikiti masiku ano, alendo amapemphedwa kuvala zovala zaulemu. Kwa amayi, masiketi aatali kapena mathalauza okhala ndi masiketi; kwa njonda, mathalauza otsika kuposa bondo amafunikira.

  • Kodi 'Aya Sophia' kapena 'Hagia Sophia'?

    Dzina loyambirira la nyumbayi ndi Hagia Sophia mu Chigriki kutanthauza Nzeru Yoyera. Aya Sophia ndi momwe anthu aku Turkey amatchulira mawu akuti '' Hagia Sophia ''.

  • Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa Blue Mosque ndi Hagia Sophia?

    Blue Mosque idamangidwa ngati mzikiti, koma Hagia Sophia poyamba anali tchalitchi. Blue Mosque idachokera m'zaka za zana la 17, koma Hagia Sophia ndi wamkulu zaka 1100 kuposa Blue Mosque.

  • Hagia Sophia ndi mpingo kapena mzikiti?

    Poyambirira Hagia Sophia adamangidwa ngati tchalitchi. Koma lero, umagwira ntchito ngati mzikiti kuyambira chaka cha 2020.

  • Ndani anaikidwa m'manda ku Hagia Sophia?

    Pali manda a Ottoman omwe ali ndi Hagia Sophia a sultan ndi mabanja awo. Mkati mwa nyumbayi, muli malo amaliro a Henricus Dandalo, yemwe adabwera ku Istanbul m'zaka za zana la 13 ndi ankhondo amtanda.

  • Kodi alendo amaloledwa kukaona Hagia Sophia?

    Alendo onse amaloledwa ku Hagia Sophia. Popeza nyumbayi imagwira ntchito ngati mzikiti, apaulendo achisilamu ali bwino kupemphera mkati mwa nyumbayi. Oyenda omwe si Asilamu amalandiridwanso pakati pa mapemphero.

  • Kodi Hagia Sophia anamangidwa liti?

    Hagia Sophia inamangidwa m'zaka za zana la 6. Ntchito yomangayi inatenga zaka zisanu, pakati pa 532 ndi 537.

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